How did the ‘Cultural Appropriation’ label start?
In December, a New York Times article reported that an executive of a leading cultural appropriation advocacy group had sent a memo to top executives at Disney and other companies, warning that some of their properties were being used in “falsely and maliciously” to portray Native Americans.
The memo cited a 2010 report from the Department of Justice and cited a 2014 study by UCLA School of Law and the American Enterprise Institute that found that in the United States, “cultural appropriation” is “the intentional appropriation of cultural products from other cultures and groups, without compensation.”
This year, a new study from UCLA School has confirmed the findings of that report.
The study, which looked at data from more than 7,500 colleges, universities, and high schools across the country, found that Native Americans were not just being stereotyped, but also profiled, bullied, and marginalized by institutions in the entertainment industry.
According to the study, the authors found that “many Native American students feel like they have been targeted for cultural appropriation,” and that “it’s not surprising that some students feel marginalized.”
The study also cited data that suggested that, in the past two decades, Native Americans had experienced “the largest declines in representation and representation of marginalized groups in American society.”
According to UCLA School’s report, these experiences are reflected in the rise of the term “cultural appropriators” in the media, in media advertising, and in other ways.
“I would say that the cultural appropriation movement is a major threat to the very fabric of society,” said UCLA School co-author Daniel L. Drezner, an associate professor of media studies at the University of California, Los Angeles.
“And we’re just seeing it explode in the public discourse.
The more we talk about it, the more people are saying, ‘No, this is a problem, and we have to do something about it.’
And the more they talk about, ‘We need to take action, and it needs to be done,’ the more it’s going to snowball.”
Native American culture is defined by its cultural traditions, which are rooted in Native American traditions.
But cultural appropriation is a different beast, because it has nothing to do with the way Native American cultures are seen by outsiders.
It has to do instead with the ways that the media and other people see Native American people, and the ways they perceive Native American identities.
“We see it as this big problem of cultural appropriation, but the reality is that it’s a problem for a very small group of people,” said Drezne.
“It’s not a problem that is going to be solved overnight.
It’s a matter of education, and awareness.
It can’t just be a matter that we get to the point where everybody can say, ‘Hey, I am offended by the way you’re wearing my clothing.’
It has got to be about getting people to understand and say, Oh, okay, this isn’t okay, and that it is.
And that it doesn’t have to be in perpetuity.”
According the survey results, about 1 percent of college students surveyed reported they had experienced cultural appropriation in some way, including when they saw a photo of someone wearing a Native American headdress, a Native headdress.
The number who said they had been the target of this type of cultural “inappropriate treatment” has risen from a high of 0.5 percent to a high around 4 percent over the past decade.
Drexner and Lefebvre, who are the co-authors of the UCLA study, say they are not concerned that the new “Cultural Assimilation” label might be viewed as an attempt to silence criticism of the “cultural-appropriation” label.
“The problem with this label is that people don’t understand it,” said Lefegre.
The survey results also show that about a third of Native American youth, who make up about 20 percent of the population, did not report experiencing cultural appropriation at all, which suggests that the term is often misused to mean something else. “
But the more you talk about these issues, and people get educated about it and they say, This really bothers me, this doesn’t feel right, and this is going on, and then it gets a little bit more complicated and you end up in a place where you’re just saying, OK, this really bothers you.”
The survey results also show that about a third of Native American youth, who make up about 20 percent of the population, did not report experiencing cultural appropriation at all, which suggests that the term is often misused to mean something else.
“This is a really important study,” said Harvard’s Robert D. Kaplan, who has written extensively about how racism and other forms of discrimination against Native Americans have become more commonplace.
“You get to a point where the term ‘cultural appropriation’ is used as a way of saying that the issue of cultural and racial appropriation is not important, and you start to see it in other contexts as well.”
For instance, in a 2013 study, Kaplan found that only